Who controls the weather?

by Ole A. Seifert

Climate WARWhen weather becomes a commodity, who will control it? Should the CIA be allowed to be active practitioners of geo—engineering? Can a country’s secret service justify using weather as a weapon? Or big business using weather modification for profit?  Weather as a weapon were prohibited in a convention in 1978, but it may seem like eg CIA now want to use this for the sake of Homeland security, which may seem like an undermining of this agreement. As large capital interests are engaged in weather modification, there is reason to monitor it all very carefully. Several economic giants are also known to sponsor climate skeptical scientists and so called “independent” grassroot movements, so how does this all fit together?

Geoengineering is in the media spotlight again, through the CIA sponsorship of a report published by the National Academy of Sciences early in February. Other sponsors include NASA, the US Department of Energy, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. However it is the CIA role that raised concerns and media coverage. The Center on Climate Change and National Security was created by the CIA in 2009. The center was officially shut down in 2012, though the CIA stated that they would continue to monitor climate change and its impact on US economic and national security, but not under the ‘center’ tab. Alan Robock, a Climate researcher at Rutgers University in New Jersey, USA, has published over 350 research and 200 pier reviewed papers and contributed to research for the UN climate reports (IPCC) on cooling the planet by the effects of aerosols (spraying particles) in the stratosphere, much like the effects of volcanic eruptions on climate, using computer models.

Alan Robock in Antartica

Alan Robock in Antarctica

At the American Association for the Advancement of Science annual meeting in San Jose, California February 12th to 16th this year, Robock highlighted his concern on who will own the climate control and climate altering technology. He was clear in his speech that all government agencies must be transparent about their interests in weather modification. Alan Robock concerns was generated by phone calls of two CIA consultants three years ago who asked if experts like him would be able to spot a hostile force’s attempts to upset the US climate.

Robocks was concerned that the implication was more a question of – could the US control someone else’s climate and would they detect it, and he responded that if a country created a large enough cloud in the stratosphere (upper layer of the atmosphere) to create climate change it would be detectable by satellites and other ground-based instruments. The United States covering 9,857,306 km2 and China almost the same at 9,596,961 km2, Russia 17,098,242 km2 and Canada 9,984,670 km2 might have lead Robock’s assumption of the size of a climate changing cloud being detectable, if used as a weapon against a whole nation. The British RAF (Royal Air Force) engaged in the research of sky seeding from 1949 to 1955, which could be speculated as ‘weaponising’ the weather. The resulting flooding in Britain on August 15, 1952, killed 35 people, dropped 90m tons of rain on and around the hilly Exmoor, Devon and Lynmoth districts wich subsequently created rock slides that destroyed many bridges, hotels shops and homes.

The main street of Lynmouth after the flooding in  1952

The main street of Lynmouth after the flooding in 1952

The disaster was referred to as “The Hand of God”. Un-classified official documents, revealed a team of international scientists in cooperation with the RAF tried to make artificial rain in the same week in the southern part of the United Kingdom. Squadron Leader Len Otley who worked on Operation Cumulus (the name of a cloud type), told the BBC that they jokingly referred to the rain program as Operation Witch Doctor. The missions were to fly into the top of the clouds and drop dry ice that 30 minutes later turned into rain.  The flooding put Operation Cumulus on hold, indefinitely. US Operation Popeye in North Vietnam and Laos from 1967 is a well documented previously classified weather altering exercise. The subsequent rain prevented the Viet Cong advancing as it softened the ground causing many landslides. The operation exposed by a journalist in 1971 resulted in a Senate hearing in 1974 and later in July 1974, bilateral discussions between the US and at the old USSR to limit the risk of using environmental modification techniques for military purposes. Identical draft texts presented by both parties to the Conference on Disarmament, CCD after intensive negotiations resulted in a modified text and agreement on four of the articles in what became the ‘ENMOD’. Operation Popeye protocols were recently used to deal with a drought in California, and cloud seeding over ski resorts to increase snow fall, is now common in the USA.

spice_srm_overview

How the SPICE program was supposed to work.

The 2011 climate experiment project SPICE (Stratospheric Particle Injection for Climate Engineering) in UK was put on hold after pressure from 60 different international groups, which lead the Washington-based Bipartisan Policy Center (BPC) to release a report to get capable cooperation between the US and other friendly, likeminded nations, to perform large-scale climate change experiments with public support. Funding for the project was sourced from big oil, pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies who claimed, “to represent a consensus among historically divergent views.” In reality it is representative of a mixture of US academic, military, scientific and big corporate interests, who lobby for free trade, corporate power and US military superiority. BPC has been referred to as a “collection of neo-conservative, hawks, and neo-liberal interventionists who want to make war on Iran”.

Questioning the motives of intelligence organizations, military and big corporate organization that contribute the most to CO2 emissions, is a must as the finger points to them as the sponsors of research into weather modification techniques, and large scale experimenting. Back in 1971, questions was raised if Operation Popeye had magnified devastating typhoons and floods that manifested later in that year. Geo-engineering of the weather to make more or less rain or to stop or prevent extreme weather for humanitarian purposes is a moral question that will require a more profound debate. If we should let the storm loose can we put it back in the bottle? Cutting greenhouse gas emissions is still a far safer way of tackling climate change. The alternative can be a full-scale war on and about the weather.

————————————————————————————————

 

National Academy of Sciences’ two-volume report, published February 10th 2015:

  • Climate Intervention: Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration
  • Climate Intervention: Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth

http://nas-sites.org/americasclimatechoices/public-release-event-climate-intervention-reports/

☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮ 

Big thanx to Gavin Tonks for proof-reading and great help in editing. 
Thanx also to Brad Kallio & Paul Bunk. 

☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮☮ 


Related:   
Weather modification – what’s that?

https://futopiapress.wordpress.com/2014/05/08/weather-modification-whats-that/

 

Weather forecast for the next 20 years: SUN, SUN, SUN AND STEADY WIND

by Ole A. Seifert

Only 15% of the gasoline is used to drive a car. The remaining 85% goes away in heat and idling. The same applies to energy use in general. And water consumption. Much disappears on other than what it is supposed to. Only by introducing energy saving technology, according to experts we can save nearly one trillion U.S. dollars every year. This is a huge amount of gas and electricity that can be saved. And water. If only we are aware of this and follow it up in practice, we can save a lot, both for ourselves and the environment.  Washing your Volvo by hand is not really a big job and water savings are enormous There are many small changes we all can do and by that also send positive signals to the outside world. An outside toilet is not exactly the thing in already existing cities, but the recycling of sewage, also to energy, could have been far better. Sweden has two municipalities where it is required to have alternative sewage solutions in new buildings. Unfortunately, this has not been fully implemented in practice.

 

The roof of Chicago City Hall. Chicago is one of the pioneer cities in terms of green roofs.

 The roof of Chicago City Hall. Chicago is one of the pioneer cities in terms of green roofs.

 

 

SMALL CHANGES

We can already reduce our consumption. Less meat production / consumption and cultivation of hemp is also easy available methods to create a better and cleaner future, beside the focus on renewable energy. Livestock, especially cattle raising, accounts for 10% of greenhouse gas emissions worldwide, and agriculture accounts for 80% of the world’s water consumption. World Watch Institute states that a drastic cut in meat consumption is the only thing that can be secure enough food for a growing population. We can also work to get through greener solutions, whether it is better at handling of sewage, better insulation, green roofs, use of bamboo and hemp etc. etc.

 

BAMBOO AND HEMP

Both bamboo and hemp has a lots of usages and is growing incredibly fast, as “weeds” like to do, and can save many trees and deforestation and also reduce the water-and energy-intensive, not to mention far less pollution compared to for instance cotton production. Hemp cultivation can be done almost anywhere and with a limited use of fertilizer. Bamboo does not require much, other than the right climate, so it is unlikely to be profitable in our (norwegian) latitudes in the overall environmental accounts.

 

GREEN ROOF

The vegan Apu in the Simpsons had a living, green roof already in ’90’s. A haven for Paul and Linda McCartney where everything was grown biodynamic. Green Roofs for Healthy Cities (GRHC) is an organization that had its first conference in 2003 in Chicago, a city where even the massive City Hall roof is a green oasis. This year’s conference will be 30 November to 3 December in Vancouver, Canada [2010]. But long before GRHC saw the light green roofs was already a major industry in Europe. In 1994 this industry had a turnover of 500 million DM in Germany, which increased to 700 DM in 1997. France, Switzerland and Austria have also been involved in this trend. In Basel in Switzerland, all new, flat roofs are required to be green. Support and stimulation schemes in these aforementioned countries, has made it both acceptable, attractive and not least efficient. Besides simply creating green spaces, especially in urban areas, they have many other positive aspects. They are used to collect rain water and has fabulous properties to prevent a lot of water falling into the streets when it is really pouring down.

 

When the Japanese government needed a new building in Fukuoka, was the only available space in the city's only green area. The area is still green.

When the Japanese government needed a new building in Fukuoka, was the only available space in the city’s only green area. The area is still green.

 

The roofs are also more viable, as they both provide for diversity and that the roof’s life expectancy increases by almost the double, besides of the cleaning and improving the air quality. Although China does not have the same professional approach to its green roof, these are in expansive growth. The Chinese are generally good with green spaces almost everywhere it is possible in large cities, in addition to using the roofs. Although admittedly not all green roofs are completely legitimate, they are common in cities, not least for nouveau riche who have their party book in order. China has also generous subsidies that make it to attractive to install solar panels or solar hot water systems. Many places in the countryside, they make this very simple. They have flat roofs with edges, as a small water pool. The sun does the rest. If green roof would spread globally, there is also potential for cultivation of cannabis for recreational use when it becomes legal.

 

By focusing more on cleaner energy sources, it can slow down on oil and coal production and of course on the use of nuclear power. Oil production stands for even one quarter of the Norwegian greenhouse gas emissions and emissions are increasing and almost doubled in less than 20 years. Emissions from the oil industry was about 90 percent higher in 2008 than they were in 1990. We must also prevent Statoil from engaging in oil sands extraction in Canada, preferably in stopping the whole thing. The norwegian state owns 67% of Statoil and the state, that´s us. The oil disaster in the Gulf of Mexico has intensified the fight against offshore drilling, especially in the United States. Organization repower america, has had several direct mail campaigns against prominent politicians.

 

GOOD OPTIONS

Donghai Bridge offshore wind farm, China.

Donghai Bridge offshore wind farm, China.

Wind and sun are there, waves and tides equally and other sources continue to emerge, such as the Statskrafts osmotic power plant at Hurum, Norway. 

 

 

In all these areas are developing is growing fast. Wind power plants got new and better, gearless turbines and one can safely say they have the wind in the sails with big projects both inland as well as offshore. China’s investment in offshore wind farms are formidable. Their first offshore wind farm to consist of 34 units that will provide 3MW each when they are put into full operation later this year. United States recently announced its first offshore project, but has many land-based and also the world’s largest inland facility in Texas. They are still the world’s  leading on wind power, ahead of Germany and China. Just last year alone, the U.S. installed wind turbines that produce over 10MW. Together they produce 35.000 MW of wind power, enough to supply 9.7 million families on this also led to a saving of 57 billion gallons of water, which would be used if the power would come from power plants that use fossil fuel and water for cooling. China is still the greatest in terms of total investment in facilities with renewable energy sources, mainly wind, solar and biomass to account for 8% of their total consumption in 2020.

 

The new generation of wind turbines are scheduled for release in 2014.

The new generation of wind turbines are scheduled for release in 2014.

 

China is now equal the United States, with 4% of renewable energy. Still, it will be coal, nuclear and hydropower making up the majority of China’s power generation. But China is already the world’s largest producer of solar panels. Norway by Fred. Olsen Windcarrier, is out with windmill ships that serve as platform, which will withstand heavy sea. They have 70 meters long legs that can be lowered into the sea. The first two ships, with an option for more, being built in Dubai (probably by migrant workers from Bangladesh, Pakistan and India on slave contracts, deprived of their passports). Otherwise, it is Spain, Denmark and Germany which are leading wind turbines nations of Europe. Amazingly enough, it is Germany who is in the lead  in terms of solar power and accounted for nearly half the world’s solar power in 2007. This has lowered prices dramatically, by half from 1997 to 2007 in Germany.

 

Yet we must also have an eye for an unwanted use, particularly in the industry, and be a driving force to  improve conditions. More and more we can read reports of natural phenomenas that are out of control. The Greenland ice is melting faster than anyone had imagined, and only now in the summer [2010], two giant floe broke off and is drifting with the risk of ship traffic, oil and land impacts. The first floe that was fell off and is drifting, is  more than four times larger than Manhattan and the largest in the Northern Hemisphere since 1962. Maybe someone should tow it to a fresh water poor area?

 

Shocking satellite images were made public in late May and shows that the landscape rises. In an increasing pace. This could have unforeseen consequences for a rising sea as well.

 

Lake Taganyaka in East Africa, Africa's deepest and the world's second largest lake by volume, had the highest temperature of 150 years. With water temperature of 26° C, it is disastrous for both fish and fishermen.

Lake Taganyaka in East Africa, Africa’s deepest and the world’s second largest lake by volume, had the highest temperature of 150 years. With water temperature of 26° C, it is disastrous for both fish and fishermen.

 

The oil disaster in the Gulf of Mexico was totally out of control. Even after “successful” sealing, there are enormous quantities of oil under water. It was recently discovered an undersea oil slick consisting of tiny oil droplets in the Gulf region, invisible to the naked eye. This slick is 35 km long. If it moves with the Gulf Stream northeast and out in the open sea, it may have undesirable effects in Europe. Since the discharge is in deep water, it mixes the oil into the sea and kill large areas of underwater fauna, not just the birds that we see in the pictures, but far down the food chain. The damage will be long lasting.

 

However, it is now discovered a new type of oil-eating microbe that thrives in cold water down to 5 ° C. One assumes that this microbe has evolved such because of repeated oil spills in the Gulf. The advantageous of this newly discovered microbe is that it absorbs less oxygen than other oil-eating microbes, which in itself can damage water quality. Maybe something for Norway to have in stock, so just in case?

 

SMALL KEYSTROKES

The global community is you and me, even as we may seem insignificant among the 6 billion others. In many of life’s mysterious ways, it is more useful to search for solutions than focusing on the problems alone. With today’s access to information, we have the opportunity to be updated, while also adding pressure on authorities. At all time a number of petitions takes place, supporting campaigns and direct inquiries to the politicians the world over every day. It is important not only to scamp away with a few Facebook groups, which of course also counts, though not as much, but use a minute or two during the week and support directly via e-mail campaigns and petitions. Avaaz.org is one of the better to keep updated through, but there are a number of other small and large, local and global web-based action groups who do a good job.

 

 

 

Small keystrokes, perhaps even on a bamboo-pc.

Small keystrokes, perhaps even on a bamboo-pc.

Δ In the period 1973 – 1982 there were 1500 worldwide natural disasters.

 

 

Δ In the period 1983 – 1992 there were 3500 worldwide natural disasters.

 

Δ In the period 1993 – 2002 there were 6000 worldwide natural disasters.

 

Δ In the period 2002 – 2012 … … …

 

 

 

 

(Published in the paper issue of Gateavisa # 189, 2010 and http://www.gateavisa.no/2011/04/02/værutsiktene-for-de-neste-20-ar-sol-sol-og-jevn-vind/)